Impact Of Social Transformation On Ageing Population

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Senior citizen ageing is a universal global phenomenon. Ageing is one of  the undeniable and inevitable process of human life which is basically normal but brings along with itself an experience of decline in performance , productivity and health. Its a process that greatly influences the biological, psychological, sociological functioning of the individual.

A senior citizen as per the United Nations is referred to a person of 60 years and above of age. Recent global demographic trends tell us that the proportion of global older population has increased. Due to economic well being, better health care systems, new medicines and better treatments there is substantial reduction in life mortality and impressive gains in terms of life expectancy. Reduced mortality has also led to reduction in mortality. These numbers have led to increasing number of elderly population globally.This phenomenon of ageing is a dynamic demographic trend everywhere and India is no exception to this. By 2025 the geriatric population is expected to be 840 million in developing countries. It is expected that the population of Indian aged from 7.5% to 11.1% in 2025. At 110 million(2016 data) , India has the second largest global ageing population.. By 2050 the number will be 240 million.

While ageing is a natural stage of human life, it brings along with itself numerous joys of life and innumerable problems also for the old.

Traditionally, the care of the aged has been the responsibility of the family in India. But new trends have emerged which have transformed family structures which has reduced the capacity of this institution to serve as the safety net for the less privileged.

Indian society is undergoing rapid transformation under the impact of industrialization , urbanization and globalization. Consequently Indian traditional values and institutions are in the process of erosion. The institution of family as a shelter for aging is being gradually eroded. Providing care for senior citizens has never been that big a problem especially in rural areas where the joint family system was dominant. However setting up of nuclear families, industrialization and urbanization has increased the vulnerability of senior citizens. The coping of younger and older generation is now being challenged and there is unwanted behavior by the young in families at times, the causes of which is extraneous factors like work life balance related stress, pressures of current day survival or even financial crunch or lack of time to devote to family.

Very old people due to their debilitating disabilities need other people to do things for them. With increasing trend of nuclear families and with fewer children in family, the care of older people is getting difficult.

To face the challenges of ageing population, the country needs to be well prepared. Appropriate social, economic and health related policies and structures need to be made to mitigate the ill effects of old age.The needs of the elderly should be critically  examined for the society to adapt to ageing as well as for the older population to adapt to the changing environment. Suitable re-distributive systems need to be in place.

New priorities must be added to the meet the needs for the requirements of the elderly while still having to deal with the problems of younger populations. Women issues are of paramount importance in considering the problems and solutions for the elderly. Due to better life expectancy women live longer than men. Exacerbated risks for women across the life course make them more vulnerable in old age. Appropriate care and support for them is a priority.

Happy60plus is a platform primarily dedicated to the senior citizens of the country to provide them useful and unique solutions to live a healthy , happy and quality life with ease and comfort. It is a ONE STOP SOLUTION, an integrated system for easy accessibility of the daily needs and requirements,health solutions, social needs and aims to provide dignified living of our loved older family members.

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